37.5 per week
£21,388 + per year
If you enjoy caring for people and you are looking for a varied job, this could be an ideal career for you. Adult nurses care for people over 18 who are ill, injured, or have physical disabilities.
To work as an adult nurse, you need to complete an approved course. For this you will need proof of English and maths skills, good health and a good character.
Once you have started a nurse training programme, you will divide your time between university and supervised work in local hospitals and the community. You will also need Disclosure and Barring Service clearance.
A good adult nurse has patience and understanding. They have the ability to remain calm under pressure. They are also compassionate and sensitive.
Adult nurses check patients' progress and decide with doctors what care to give. They may also advise and support patients and their relatives.
As an adult nurse, the practical care you give could include:
- checking temperatures
- measuring blood pressure and breathing rates
- helping doctors with physical examinations
- giving drugs and injections
- cleaning and dressing wounds
- giving blood transfusions
- using high technology (high-tech) medical equipment.
You could specialise in an area such as accident and emergency, cardiac rehabilitation, outpatients, neonatal nursing, and operating theatre work.
As well as hospitals, you could also work in the community, health centres, clinics or prisons.
You would usually work 37.5 hours a week, which can include evenings, weekends, night shifts and bank holidays. Many hospitals offer flexible hours or part-time work. Extra hours may also be available.
You could work in a variety of locations including hospital wards, hospices, schools and private hospitals, and in the community visiting patients at home.
Nurses can earn between £21,388 and £27,901 a year. Experienced nurses working as advanced practitioners, clinical specialists or nurse team managers can earn from £25,500 to around £40,000. Nurse consultants can earn between £39,000 and £67,000 a year.
Extra allowances may be paid to those living in or around London.
Figures are intended as a guideline only.
To qualify as an adult nurse you will need to study for a degree in adult nursing leading to registration with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC).
To do a degree, you will normally need:
- at least five GCSEs (A-C), including English, maths and a science
- two or three A levels, including at least one science or health-related subject
- good references.
You will also need to pass occupational health checks and background checks by the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS). See the DBS website for more information.
Contact course providers for exact entry requirements, as other qualifications may also be accepted, such as an Access to Higher Education or Level 3 Diploma in Health and Social Care. If you already have a health-related degree, you may be able to join a nursing degree on the second year of a course at the course provider's discretion.
You can find course providers on the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS) and NHS Careers websites. The NMC website also includes application advice.
Please note: the Advanced Diploma/DipHE in Nursing is no longer open for applications. All applicants must now complete a degree.
When applying for a course, it may be helpful if you have some relevant paid or voluntary experience. You can check the Do-it website and also contact the voluntary services coordinator at your local NHS Trust for information about volunteering opportunities.
Alternative entry routes
You could prepare for entry to a nursing degree by doing an Apprenticeship in healthcare. Schemes vary between NHS Trusts, but will normally include clinical placements and working towards a qualification like the Level 3 Diploma in Clinical Healthcare Support.
To find out more visit the Apprenticeships website and contact your local NHS Trust.
Nursing cadet schemes also offer on-the-job training, which could be used as entry to a nursing degree although most have now been replaced by the Apprenticeship route.
If you are an experienced healthcare assistant or clinical support worker with a level 3 qualification and you have the support of your employer, you may be able to complete a part-time nursing degree by applying for a secondment. Check with your employer for details about secondments.
You may be eligible for NHS funding to do a nursing degree, which would include course fees and a bursary to help with living expenses. Full-time students will receive a non-means tested grant of £1,000, an additional means tested bursary of up to £4,395 a year (£5,460 for students in London) and can apply for a non-means tested loan. Check with NHS Student Bursaries for full details.
Nurses trained outside the UK
If you are a qualified nurse from a country inside the European Economic Area (EEA), you can apply to register with the NMC. You may need to take further NMC-approved assessments or training before you can register, depending on your qualifications and experience.
If you qualified outside of the EEA, you may need to complete the Overseas Nurses Programme before you can work as a nurse in the UK. Check with the NMC for details.
Training and development
Once you have started a nurse training programme, you will divide your time between university study and supervised work placements in hospitals and in the community. Most courses are full-time and take three years to complete.
An adult nursing degree will cover many areas, including:
- foundations and theory of nursing practice
- developing observation, communication and teamworking skills
- personal and public health awareness and promotion
- anatomy and physiology
- medicine management
- acute and palliative care
- infection control
- professional standards and code of practice.
Throughout your course, you will have the opportunity to develop your knowledge and skills by working in a variety of settings from nursing homes to accident and emergency departments.
Your progress through the course would be measured through a combination of coursework, assessment, exams and project work.
With further study (for example to masters degree level) you may be able to apply for advanced nurse practitioner (ANP) and clinical nurse specialist (CNS) posts. Experience in these roles can lead to a nurse consultant job. Nurse consultants work directly and independently with patients, carry out research and deliver training.
As a qualified nurse you must renew your professional registration with the NMC every three years. To renew, you need to have worked a minimum of 450 hours and completed at least 35 hours of professional development training during the three-year period. Check with the NMC for details.
If you are already a registered nurse and want to move into a different branch of nursing, you may be able to apply for a shortened 18-month training programme.
Return to practice
If you are a former registered nurse wanting to return to the profession, you can take a return to practice course to bring your skills and knowledge up to date. See the NMC website and contact your local NHS Trust for more details.
Skills, interests and qualities
To become an adult nurse you need to have:
- strong communication and listening skills
- a genuine desire to help people
- a non-judgemental attitude to care
- a clear understanding of confidentiality
- good teamwork skills and the ability to work on your own initiative
- physical and mental stamina
- a mature, compassionate and sensitive manner
- good practical skills
- patience and empathy
- the ability to inspire confidence and trust
- the ability to remain calm under pressure
- good organisational and time management skills
- a flexible approach to work.
Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC)
23 Portland Place
Tel: 020 7333 9333
PO Box 2311
Tel: 0345 60 60 655
Health Learning and Skills Advice Line
Tel: 08000 150850
Queens University of Belfast
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Medical Biology Centre
97 Lisburn Road
Tel: 028 9097 2233
University of Ulster at Jordanstown
School of Nursing
Tel: 08700 400 700
National Leadership and Innovation Agency for Healthcare
Tel: 01443 233 333
Skills for Health
Tel: 0117 922 1155
You will find most jobs in the NHS. You could also work at private hospitals and nursing homes, schools and colleges, HM Forces, the prison service and in industry.
With experience you could progress to sister, ward manager or team leader with responsibility for running a ward or a team of nurses in the community. You could go on to other management roles, such as a matron or director of nursing.
Other options include going on to train as a midwife, neonatal nurse, health visitor, district or practice nurse. You could also find opportunities for self-employment or overseas work.
You may find the following useful for vacancies and general reading:
Job market information
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