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  • Hours

    40 per week

  • Starting salary


If you like children and like the idea of working from home, this could be perfect for you. Childminders look after children in their own home, whilst the children's parents are at work or studying. They could look after babies and children under five during the day, or older children after school and in the school holidays.

You need to be aged at least 18 to become a childminder. You do not need any qualifications, but you do need to be registered with Ofsted before you can look after children under the age of eight.

To become a childminder, you will need to have patience and a sense of humour. You will also need to be aware of health, safety and hygiene. Knowledge of child protection issues is also important.


Work activities

As a childminder you would:

  • make sure that the children you are looking after feel secure, and are safe, warm and well fed
  • plan, prepare and serve them meals
  • change nappies and make up bottles for babies
  • provide a range of play activities, both indoors and outside, to help children develop
  • take children on outings, for example to the park or to toddler groups
  • take older children to and from playgroup or school

You would need to carry out parents' requests concerning their children's diet, routines and religion, and share information about their children with them. You would also need to comply with registration requirements of Ofsted (Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills).

Working hours and conditions

You will be able to set your own hours to some extent, but these will have to fit in with the needs of parents. Some childminders offer a weekend and/or overnight service for parents who work shifts.

Your home will be inspected to make sure it is safe and hygienic, and you may need to make some changes, such as fitting safety gates.


The National Childminding Association (now Professional Association for Childcare and Early Years) Membership Survey 2012 reported that fees charged by childminders ranged from £3.63 to £5.42 an hour for each child, depending on the area of the country.

Childminders need to make arrangements for paying their own tax and insurance, and pay costs such as meals, toys and equipment. A childminder start-up grant (where available) can help with this.

Figures are intended as a guideline only.

Entry requirements

You do not need any formal qualifications to become a childminder but you do need to be aged 18 or over. You also need to be registered with Ofsted if you intend to care for a child or children under the age of eight for more than two hours a day.

Your first step to becoming registered is to contact the Families Information Services at your local council, who will tell you when there is a childminding pre-registration meeting in your area.

At the meeting, you will be given information about becoming a childminder, an application pack and details of the early years foundation stage (EYFS).

The EYFS sets out the standards for the learning, development and care of children from birth to five years old. It focuses on areas like communication skills, physical and emotional development, and numeracy and literacy. It also lays out the conditions you need to meet for the safety and wellbeing of the child or children under your care.

See the EYFS handbook for more detailed information.

Once you have completed the application and returned it to your Ofsted regional centre, you will:

  • have an Ofsted home inspection and an interview to make sure you are a suitable person to care for children
  • have a medical check
  • complete an introductory training course and a 12-hour paediatric first-aid course

If the course does not include the first aid certificate, you can do this at a local college. You will also need clearance from the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) for yourself and anyone else in your home aged over 16. See the DBS website for details.

Visit the Professional Association for Childcare and Early Years (PACEY) website for more details about setting up as a childminder, registration and inspection.

You may be able to get help with the costs of setting up your childminding business by applying for a childminder start-up grant if this is available in your area. To apply for a grant, contact the early years team at your local council.

Approval of your registration to work as a childminder can take up to three months.

Training and development

As part of your pre-registration training, you would normally work towards an optional unit taken from the qualification: Level 3 Diploma for the Children and Young People's Workforce. The unit - Understand how to set up a home based childcare service - covers several areas, including:

  • childcare legislation
  • developing business procedures, eg how to deal with accidents
  • setting up play and learning activities
  • working with parents

Once registered, you can continue to take short training courses to help with professional development. Local authorities, colleges and regional branches of PACEY offer short courses and one-day training sessions on, for example:

  • child protection
  • equal opportunities
  • special educational needs
  • business skills and marketing

You could also take the Level 2 Certificate or the Level 3 Diploma for the Children and Young People’s Workforce if you wanted to gain a nationally recognised qualification that allows you to work in other childcare settings, such as a nursery or reception class.

You will receive an Ofsted inspection at least once every three years to make sure that you are providing the expected standard of care. If major improvements are required, they will re-visit you sooner. 

PACEY has a membership scheme, where you can get advice and support on all aspects of childminding work. See PACEY for details.

Skills, interests and qualities

To become a childminder, you will need:

  • a commitment to giving young children a high standard of care
  • patience and a sense of humour
  • flexibility
  • good communication skills
  • an awareness of health, safety and hygiene
  • knowledge of child protection issues
  • the ability to keep written records and do simple financial calculations

More information

Ofsted (Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills) (Opens new window)
Royal Exchange Buildings
St Ann's Square
M2 7LA
Tel: 0845 640 4045

Professional Association for Childcare and Early Years (Opens new window)
Royal Court
81 Tweedy Road
Tel: 0845 880 0044



You will be self-employed, usually working in your own home. Some childminders are paid by local authorities, for example for looking after children at risk of neglect or abuse.

With experience you could become a network coordinator, supporting other local childminders, or a tutor on childminding courses.

With relevant qualifications you can move into a related job such as a nursery worker, playworker, community play leader or teaching assistant.

The following sites may be useful for general reading:

Job market information

This section gives you an overview of the job area that this profile belongs to. You can use it to work out your next career move. It can help if you’re looking for a job now or want to do some further training.

The 'Market statistics' charts are based on figures from the UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES) and the Office for National Statistics (ONS).

The list of job vacancies under 'Apply for jobs' is from the Universal Jobmatch database. The vacancies are not from the National Careers Service.

Median income: Caring services
Avg Inc
UK Sector
27017 16969
Gender: Caring services
Female Male
87 13
Working pattern: Caring services
Part-time Full-time Self-employed
54 40 6
Gaps in sector due to skills shortages: Caring services
This sector All vacancies
26 23
Employment forecast: Caring services
Forecast Employment Figures
Year Predicted nos. employed
2014 2039000
2015 2078000
2016 2098000
2017 2133000
2018 2190000
2019 2234000
2020 2274000

Jobs available on Universal Jobmatch

DateJob TitleCompany NameLocation
27/09/2016Childminder Assistant/Apprenticekim's childmindingPeterborough
16/06/2016Experienced Childminder In Bethnal Green Wanted.AdViewLondon
21/09/2016Personal AssistantDewis Centre for Independent LivingPontypridd

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