Sports professionals are skilled and talented sportsmen and women, who are paid to compete in their chosen sport.
1. Entry requirements
You’ll usually start at an early age, by joining a club or amateur organisation and getting instruction and training.
Most sports professionals are 'spotted' early on by a talent scout.
For some sports you’ll need to meet very specific entry requirements, like:
- horse racing requires jockeys to be a certain height and weight
- boxing has divisions according to weight
If you have the potential to succeed, you could get help from:
- sponsorship schemes run by some universities to provide support to carry on training whilst studying
- The Talented Athlete Scholarship Scheme (TASS) – national governing bodies (NGBs) select young people in higher or further education to receive awards of sporting services
- the advanced apprenticeship in sporting excellence – aimed at 16 to 19 year olds who show promise of achieving the highest levels in their sport
2. Skills required
- commitment, self-discipline and dedication
- excellent physical fitness and stamina
- the ability to cope with considerable psychological pressure
3. What you'll do
Sports you could take part in professionally include:
- individual sports – athletics, boxing, tennis, snooker, cycling, golf, horse racing and other equestrian sports
- team sports – football, cricket, basketball, rugby, hockey and ice hockey
- compete in matches and competitions
- keep up and improve your skills with regular practice
- maintain your general fitness and stamina by training
- make sure your diet and lifestyle help you to achieve peak performance
- take advice from coaches, nutritionists, exercise professionals, sports psychologists and doctors
If you became well-known as a sports personality you might also:
- give media interviews
- promote products by appearing in adverts
Few people in sport are professionals. Most are amateurs, who compete at the highest levels, but don’t make money from their sport.
Many have a full-time or part-time job to supplement their income, and may earn money by coaching or instructing their sport.
The most successful sports professionals may earn extra money by advertising products.
You’ll have to pay for travel, equipment and coaching out of your earnings.
5. Working hours, patterns and environmentYour hours and working conditions will vary depending on your sport, but you’ll train almost every day. This could be early in the morning or late in the evening, and for some sports could be outdoors in all weather conditions.
Competitions and matches usually take place in the evening or at weekends. You’ll spend a lot of time travelling in the UK or overseas, and could spend long periods away from home.
6. Career path and progressionIn the more physical and contact sports, your career would usually be short. Many professionals finish their sporting career by the age of 35.
After your career ends, you could stay involved in sport by moving into areas like coaching, refereeing, team management, sports journalism or sports centre work.
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Last updated: 21 December 2016